Animal Welfare and Control

Humankind shares a world with animals. The relationship between the two is generally a harmonious one but occasionally problems can occur, both in terms of the impact which  humans can have on animals and from the impact that animals can have on humans. Where such problems occur, both animals and humans need protection.

One problem area is that of diseases which are shared by both animals and humans. Those which can be transmitted from animals to humans are called zoonoses. Many thousands of zoonotic diseases have been identified. While the reported instances of transmission are infrequent, they can cause major illness in some cases.

Local authorities in the UK play a major role in protecting both humans and animals from harm. Animal welfare teams working within local authorities enforce a wide range of legislation, including the Animal Welfare Act 2006, and also provide advice and guidance to businesses, to members of the public, and to others. Many engage in educational activities such as visits to schools.

Their work includes the licensing and inspection of animal related businesses such as pet shops, dog and cat boarding establishments, dog breeding establishments and riding schools. They tackle dog related issues such as stray dogs and dog fouling and they help to ensure that animals are transported safely. Activities involving performing animals are controlled by local authorities and they license premises where dangerous wild animals are kept.

To assist local authorities in carrying out their duties the CIEH has collaborated with many partner organisations and stakeholders at national level on a number of working parties to produce model licence conditions and guidance.

Further information on the work of local authority animal welfare officers and dog wardens can be found on the website of the National Dog Warden Association  

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